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The Fatwas delivered by the Third Symposium on Zakah Contemporary Issues (Held in Kuwait at Jumada Al-Akhirah 8, 1413 A.H. / December 2, 1992 A.D.)

First: Investment of Zakah funds
It is permissible to invest Zakah funds according to the following conditions:
  • If there are no urgent channels which require immediate payment of Zakah money.
     

  • If Zakah money is invested in a legal manner.
     

  • Necessary procedures should be taken so as to guarantee that the rules of Zakah still apply to the original invested money as well as to its profits.
     

  • Liquidating invested assets if Zakah recipients need Zakah in cash.
     

  • Making sure that such investments will be safe, lucrative and can be liquidated in time of need.
     

  • The decision of investing Zakah funds should be taken by the government officials charged to levy and distribute Zakah. Such investments should be supervised by efficient experts.

Second: The recipients' possession of Zakah money
  1. This refers to paying a sum of money to the recipients or buying a means of production such as tools used in crafts and giving them to the Zakah recipients who are able to work. Possession, in this sense, is a condition of the validity of Zakah. This rule applies to four categories of Zakah recipients mentioned in the following Qur'anic verse: "Alms are for the poor and the needy, and those employed to administer the (funds); for those whose hearts have been (recently) reconciled (to the truth)" (9:60)
     

  2. It is permissible to use Zakah money in establishing productive projects to be owned and managed by Zakah recipients or their representatives.
     

  3. It is permissible to use Zakah money in establishing service projects such as building schools, hospitals, orphanages and libraries according to the following conditions:-

  1. Only Zakah recipients should make use of these projects for free.
     
  2. The projects are to be possessed by Zakah recipients and managed by the government or its representatives.
     
  3. If the project is sold or liquidated, its price or revenues are considered as Zakah money.

Third:The channel of those whose hearts have been (recently) reconciled (to the truth)

1. According to the majority of scholars, the rules pertaining to this channel do not change throughout the years.

2. The most important fields of Zakah payment related to this channel are:
  • Using Zakah money in urging people to embrace Islam especially those who will act effectively towards the welfare of the Muslims.
     

  • Urging rulers and kings to improve the conditions of the Islamic minorities and support them in non-Muslim countries.
     

  • Urging talented Islamic intellectuals to support the Muslims' issues.
     
  • Founding scientific and social establishments to sponsor Muslims who have just recently embraced Islam.

3. The following conditions are to be taken into consideration when dealing with this channel:-
  • When dealing with this channel, the legal aims and practices should be taken into account so as to achieve the required targets.
     

  • Giving Zakah according to this channel should not have a bad effect on the remaining channels.
     

  • Accuracy and caution should be observed in order to avoid any legally unacceptable results, bad reactions from those whose hearts have been (recently) reconciled (to the truth) or any harm to Islam and Muslims.

4. The advanced modern methods are to be used and the more influential projects should be chosen in order to achieve the legally required targets.

 
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