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jwKwZ xdcêwkY Kkwk owcwkY xdtiwgxl


jwKwZ xpowg Kkwk cwkdw

jwKwZ xgcwËdk iwdxgK bmêd AdÖjwty jwKwZ xpowg Kkw, jwKwZ gwgb eÞËbt AËaêk exkiwY xdYêt Kkw Ggv xgxhdí xdËbêxmZ LwËZ jwKwZ gëUd Kkw, jwKwZ xpowg Kkwk cwkdwk AwIZwcyd|

jwKwZ xdYêËtk KwËRk exkxc xdiíkÕe :-

1.  jwKwZËjwMø oóebxU xPxpßZKkY, exkiwe I iÔløwtd|

2. Ëj oKl oóeb jwKwZËjwMø oóeb ÌaËK gwb jwËg Ìo o¹Ë¬ Ìj#x£ßK      xo¦wËìæ Ìe#^Qwk Ìq¢ xPxpßZKkY, xdcêwkY I iÔløwtd Kkw |

3. jwKwËZk Rdø bwtg¦ oóeËbk exkiwY (xdowg) xdcêwkY Ggv jwKwËZk      exkiwY xdcêwkY Kkw|

4.  xgxhdí LwËZ jwKwZ xgZkËYk e¦xZ xgËmönY |

5. xdxbêÄ oiËt eÞw® jwKwZËjwMø oóeËbk xpowge¢ Ggv ZwxlKwk iwcøËi      jwKwZ gwgb gøxtZ oóeb I Gk gëUd LwZoiÔp þeÄhwËg Z×Ël ckw|


jwKwZ xpowg Kkwk e¦xZ

jwKwZ xdYêt Kkwk KwjêKxk e¦xZ†Ëlw xdËií AwËlwPdw Kkw pl :

1. jwKwZ xpowËgk Rdø GKUw gnê eÔxZê ZwxkL xdcêwkY| jwKwËZk AwIZwcyd     oóex£k eÞKÚxZ AdÖjwty Gk exkgZêd NËU| ZËg fol, fl, cwZg ebwaê     I eÞwKÚxZK oóeËbk ÌqË¢ Gk exkgZêd NUËg| fol KwUw gw LxdR     oóeb I owiÖxbÝK oóeËbk AwxgÆwk gw DË£wlËdk oit jwKwZ eÞËbt
    pt|

2. jwKwZ eÞbwdKwky gøx£ßk iwxlKwdwcyd xgxgc kKi oóeËbk xPxpßZKkY      I iÔløwtd KkËZ pËg| ÌKwd ÌKwd oóeb jwKwËZk AìæhêÖ£ß AwËQ Zw      odw£ß  KkËZ pËg, Ìj†ËlwËK glw pt jwKwZËjwMø oóeb gw jwKwZ      Ìq¢ |

3.
 jwKwZËjwMø oóeb gw jwKwZ Ìq¢ ÌaËK Ìjog bwt Ìbdw gwb xbËZ pËg      Ìo†Ëlwk xPxpßZKkY I iÔløwtd|

4. jwKwZËjwMø oóeb ÌaËK jawja bwt Ìbdw gwb Ìbtw|

5. oóex£k eÞKÚxZ I Kwjê¢ßi AdÖjwty jwKwËZk Rdø ogêxdií bwt (xdowg)      xdcêwkY|

6. AdÖËâQb Pwk-G DËlöõxLZ iÔløËK AdÖËâQb ew^P-G DËlöõxLZ jwKwËZk Rdø      bwtg¦ ogêxdií oóeËbk owËa Z×ldw KËk oóex£xU jwKwËZk Rdø bwtg¦      pËg xKdw Ìo gøwewËk xo¦wËìæ Ìe#^Qw|

7. jwKwËZk Rdø eÞËjwRø pwk xdcêwkY| Ìq¢ xgËmËn Zw pËg:-

     K) ÈYê, Ìk#eø, gøgowk eYø owiMÞy, KwËRk iwcøËi DewRêd, Awt, iÖdwfw           I LxdR bÝËgøk ÌqË¢ ovLøw MxkÅ xgËmnšËbk iËZ jwKwZ           2.5% pwËk|

      L) fl I moø jwxìèK e¦xZËZ ÌoËPk iwcøËi DuewxbZ pËl (ÌoËPk            LkPop) jwKwZ pËg 5% pwËk|

      M) fl I moø gÚxÄ gw SYêwk §wkw ÌoËPk iwcøËi Pwn Kkw pËl (ÌoËPk            LkPQwrw) jwKwZ pËg 10% pwËk|

       N) †®cd eÞwx®k ÌqË¢ jwKwZ cwjê pËg 20% pwËk|

8. jwKwËZk Rdø bwtg¦ oóex£ËK eÞËjwRø mZKkw pwk xbËt †Y KËk      jwKwËZk exkiwY xdcêwkY|

9. jwKwZ eÞbwËdk bwxtZñ hwM:-

       K) eÞxZÅwdxU gøx£ß iwxlKwdwcyd pËl eÞxZÅwËdk iwxlK xdËRB oóeÔYê
            jwKwZ exkËmwËck Rdø bwtg¦ pËgd|

       L) eÞxZÅwdxU Avmybwxk iwxlKwdwcyd pËl jwKwËZk ÌiwU exkiwY              AvmybwkËbk iËcø ZwËbk iÔlcËdk AdÖewËZ gëUd KËk Ìbtw pt             Ggv Zwkw ZbdÖjwty bwtg¦ pd|

       M) eÞxZÅwdxU xgxhdí Duo ÌaËK ovMÚxpZ ZpxgËlk xhx£ËZ MxVZ pËl             (ÌKwóewxd gw KËeêwËkmd) xdcêwxkZ jwKwZËK ÌiwU Ìmtwk ovLøw §wkw             hwM KËk Ìmtwk eÞxZ jwKwZ xdcêwxkZ pËg| AZ:ek eÞËZøK Ìmtwk             iwxlËKk iwxlKwdwcyd ËmtwËkk xhx£ËZ Zwk jwKwËZk exkiwY             xdcêwkY KkËZ pËg|

10. Bolwiy AwBËdk xgcwd AdÖjwty xgxhdí LwËZ jwKwZ gëUd|

11. AwxaêK xggkYy I xpowg AdÖjwty jwKwËZk exkiwY Ggv xgZkËYk        ZwxlKw I xpowg ÑZxk Kkw|

jwKwZ xdYêt I gëUËdk xdti

jwKwZ xdYêt, exkiwe, eÞKwm I gø£ß Kkwk eÞx¢ßtwËK xdtxìèZ Kkwk Rdø xKQ× xgcwd AwËQ| Bolwiy xgcwd gw owcwkY xpowËgk xhx£ËZ Gog xdti eÞþçZKÚZ|

Gk AwIZwcyd xgnt†Ëlw pl:-

1. eÖËkw GK gQk eÔYê pItw

BolwxiK xgcwËd PëbÝ-gnêËKB oóeb gÚx¦k Rdø ejêw® oit gËl iËd Kkw pt| KwËRB jwKwËZk Rdø bwtg¦ gøx£ß AgmøB eÔYê GK gQk ek gwRwk bËkk xhx£ËZ Zwk oKl oóex£k iÔlø xdcêwkY KkËgd| BolwxiK xgcwËdk gB ‘mkËpoMyk’ G eÞoËŠ jawaêB DËlöL AwËQ: eÞxZ gQk gwRwk bËkk xhx£ËZ ÌZwiwËbk oóex£k iÔløwtd KkËZ pËg | Ìj gøx£ß G eÞx¢ßtw Agl¹d KkËg Zwk iÔløwtd oxVK pËg|

DexkD£ß iZ fol, fl Ggv LxdR oóeËbk Dek jwKwZ xdYêËtk ÌqË¢ eÞËjwRø dt| DbwpkYÈkÕe mwËftyMY gËlÌQd, “ jwKwËZk Rdø eÔYê GK gQk AxZ¢ßi gwcøZwiÔlK| ZËg eÔYê GK gQk AxZ¢ßi moø I LxdR oóeËbk Dek eÞËbt jwKwËZk ÌqË¢ eÞËjwRø dt ”| iwxlxKMY gËlËQd, LxdR oóeb I foËlk Dek eÞËbt jwKwZ xdcêwkËYk ÌqË¢ GK gQk eÔYê pItwk mZê eÞËjwRø dt|

2. AwxaêK gQËkk exkeÔYêZw

eÔËgê AwËlwxPZ GK gQk eÔYê pItwk dyxZk ÌeÞxqËZ jwKwZ xdcêwkY AwxaêK gQËkk (PëbÝ-gnê xpowËg) exkeÔYêZwk DekI xdhêk KËk| BgËd kØmb xgntUw GhwËg gøwLøw KËkËQd: jxb ÌKwd gøx£ß GKUw eÔYê gQk Ìmn pItwk eÔËgê, GidxK gQkUw Ìmn pItwk Aùe xKQ× xbd eÔËgê Zwk oóeËbk xKQ× Avm LkP KËk ÌfËl gw pwxkËt ÌfËl Zw pËl oóex£k H AvËmk Dek ÌKwd jwKwZ eÞËbt pËg dw| Ìo Zwk AgxmÄ oóeËbk Dek jwKwZ eÞbwd KkËg jxb Zwpw jwKwZËjwMø ogêxdií (xdowg) oyiwt Ìe#^ËQ Ggv AwxaêK gQk oiw® pt| xKìç jxb Ìo jwKwËZk AwIZwcyd oóeËbk xKQ× Avm gQk Ìmn pËt jwItwk ek, GidxK AxZ Aùe oit ek, LkP KËk ÌfËl gw pwxkËt ÌfËl, ZwËK AgmøB Gk Dek jwKwZ eÞbwd KkËZ pËg|

3. eÞKÚZ gw AdÖxiZ gÚx¦

jwKwZËjwMø oóeËbk eÞKÚZ gÚx¦ gw AdÖxiZ gÚx¦k dyxZiwlwk xhx£ÌZB jwKwZ xdYêt KkËZ pËg| ZËg mZê awËK Ìj, oóeËbk gwþæxgK gw AdÖxiZ iÔlø gQËkk ÌKwd oit xdowg iw¢wk Ki dw pt Ggv gxcêZ oóeb jwpw gvm gÚx¦k KwkËY pDK gw gwRwk iÔlø gÚx¦k fËl pDK gw iÖdwfw ARêËdk KwkËY pDK Zwpw eÔËgêKwk iÔlcËdk owËa ÌjwM KËk jwKwZ xpowg KkËZ pËg|
W: mIKy BoiwBl xmpwZwp xgntUwk oÖÄhwËg gøwLøw xbËtËQd: iÖdwfwk fËl AwxaêK gQËkk iËcø oóeËbk gÚx¦ NËU| KwËRB dMb AËaê kÕewìæËkk fËl oóeËbk pÜwo NU×K xKvgw xgx¢ß dw KËk iRÖb AwKwËk ÌkËL Ìbtw ÌpwK, Dht ÌqË¢B iÖdwfw AxRêZ pËtËQ| KwkY xg¢ßt pËlw iRÖb iwlwiwlËK dMËb kÕewìæk Kkw, ZËg xg¢ßËtk fËl iÖdwfw þeÄhwËg ckw eËr|

4. AwxaêK owiaêø

jwKwZ xdcêwkY AgmøB jwKwZ eÞbwdKwkyk AwxaêK owiËaêøk Dek xdhêkmyl, ZwËK AgmøB jwKwZ eÞbwËdk Rdø eÞËtwRdyt ogêxdií (xdowg exkiwY) oóeËbk iwxlK pËZ pËg| G oóexKêZ KÖkAwËdk AËdK†Ëlw AwtwËZk GKxU pl “Ggv Zwkw ÌZwiwk KwËQ RwdËZ ÌPËtËQ Zwkw xK exkiwY gøt KkËg ? gl, jw eÞËtwRd AxZxk£ß” (oÔkw Awl-gwKñwkwpz ,AwtwZ 219)| Awl-pwowd Awl-goxk (k:) xgntxU GhwËg gøwLøw KËkËQd, “KwkI Ìgxpowgy LkP KËk Zwk oKl oóex£ Ëmn KËk xhqwgÚx£k AwmÝt Ìdtw DxPZ dt ”| ZwQwrw dgy Kxki(owlöõwlöõwÉ AwlwBxp Itwowlöõwi) xdËRI Kaw eÞoËŠ GKRd ÌlwËKk xdKU gøwLøw KËkËQd: “xdËRËK xdËt ÂkØ Kk Ggv GKUw (Awt) xdËRk Rdø LkP Kk, Gkek jxb xKQ× AgxmÄ awËK Zw ÌZwiwk exkgwËkk Rdø LkP Kk, Gkek jxb xKQ× AgxmÄ awËK (ÌZwiwk exkgwËkk eÞËtwRd ÌiUwËdwk ek) Zw ÌZwiwk AwZôyt-exkRËdk Rdø LkP Kk, Ggv Gkek jxb xKQ× AgxmÄ awËK (AwZôyt-exkRËdk eÞËtwRd ÌiUwËdwk ek) ÌoUw GhwËg ¢ßiwìðËt gøt KkËg”| xZxd glxQËld: “ÌZwiwk owiËd, ÌZwiwk WwËd Ggv ÌZwiwk gwËi”| iÖoxli mkyËf AwgÖ Ékwtkw (kw:) Gk gdêdw|

BolwËik GB ipwd dyxZxUk DË¥mø iÖoliwdËbk hwkw¢ßwìæ Kkw dt| ZwËbk DdíxZk eËa PwxlZ KkwB Gk DË¥mø| og ckËYk oóeËbk ÌqË¢B ËKwd gøx£ßk jwKwZ eÞbwËdk AwxaêK owiaêø jwPwBËtk iwdb« Ggv oyiw 20 xbdwk gw 200 xbkpwi|

5. dyU Awt gw KwËRk eÞKÚxZ AdÖjwty ÌiwU AwËtk xhx£ËZ jwKwZ cwjê pËg

AwxaêK owiËaêøk dyxZ QwrwI jwKwZ owcwkYhwËg ËiwU Awt gw oóeb ÌaËK PlxZ Ëbdw gw Adøwdø LkP gwb Ìbtwk dyxZk Dek xdhêkmyl| jwKwZ eÞbwdKwkyËbk KwËQ jwKwZ eÞbwËdk KwRxU opRZk KËk ÌZwlwB Gk DË¥mø| AwgÖ DgwËtb (kw:) Gk gdêdw ÌaËK opËRB Gk eÞiwY ewItw jwt : “jwKwZ jxb ÌZwiwk Dek cwjê pt, ÌZwiwk dMb Aaê I Adøwdø oóeb jw AwËQ Zw xpowg Kk Ggv Gog oóebËK dMb AËaêk xhx£ËZ iÔløwtd Kk| AeËkk KwËQ ÌZwiwk ewIdw Ggv Ìbdwk ÌiwU exkiwY xdYêt Kk Ggv oóeËbk ÌiwU exkiwY ÌaËK G†Ëlw gwb bwI| Ggwk AgxmÄ oóeËbk jwKwZ eÞbwd Kk ”| jwKwZËjwMø ÌiwU oóex£ Aaêwu jwKwZ xhx£ xdYêËtk eÔËgê ÌbdwËK oóeb ÌaËK Awlwbw KËk ÌbLwB Gk DË¥mø| eÞwaxiK jÖËMk GKRd AwËli gËlxQËld : eÞaËi ÌZwiwk Ìbdw Ìmwc Kk Ggv Gkek jxb AgxmÄ oóeb 5 ItwoK (gZêiwËd 653 xKËlwMÞwi) Gk oiwd pt Zw pËl Gk Dek eÞËbt jwKwZ exkËmwc Kk| (Btwxptw xgd Awbi Awl ÌKwËkmy - “Kk MÞìÿ” -eÚ: 59 (The Book of Kharajy Page- 59) | ZwQwrw, jwkw jwKwZ-xhx£ xdcêwkËYk Rdø fl I moøwxb MYdw I iÔløwtd eÞx¢ßtw exkPwldw KkËZd Awlöwpk dgy(ow:) ZwËbkËK RdMËYk eÞxZ obt I didyt pËZ glËZd| xZxd eÞwtB glËZd, “jxb ÌZwikw (fl) MYdw I iÔløxgPwk KkËZ PwI, GK-ZÚZytwvm xdËRËbk Rdø ÌQËr bwI; jxb GK-ZÚZytwvm dw Qwr ZwpËl GK-PZ×aêwvm ÌQËr bwI ”| (Awpiwb KZÚêK gxdêZ)

eÔËgêk AwËlwPdw ÌaËK GUw þeÄ Ìj, jwKwËZk xhx£ xdYêt KwËl jwKwËZk AwIZwcyd gøx£ßËbk RyxgKw ARêËdk eÞËtwRdyt Ìbdw I LkPoiÔp Ggv gøx£ßMZ I ewxkgwxkK xgntwxb xgËgPdw KkËZ pËg|

6. oóeËbk oixÄ xdYêt

iwxlËKk jwKwZËjwMø oiÖbt oóex£k oixÄ xpowg KkËZ pËg Ggv Ëbdw gwb xbËt xdowg xdcêwkY KkËgd| BgdÖl-KwxtøËik g£ßËgø Gk oiaêd ewItw xMËtËQ : eYøbÝgø†Ëlw Ìj ÌbËm AgxþÿZ Ìo ÌbËmk eÞPxlZ gwRwk bk AdÖjwty Ìo †Ëlwk iÔlø xdcêwkY KkËZ pËg| KwËRB ÌKwd gøx£ß jxb xKQ× iwl Adø ÌKwd ÌbËm ÌeÞkY KËk Ggv AwxaêK gQk oiw® pItwk eÔËgê iwl†Ëlw xgx¢ß pËt jwt, ZwpËl H ÌbËmk gwRwk bk AdÖjwty iwl†Ëlwk iÔlø cwjê pËg| ZwQwrw, iÔløwtd KwËl ÌKwd gøx£ßk DxPZ Zwk iwxlKwdwcyd xgxhdí kKi eYø I iRÖb iwl GKx¢Z KËk GËbk Dek jwKwZ eÞbwd Kkw|

7. PlxZ xgxdit pwËk (gwRwk bËk) iÔløwtËdk dyxZ

PlxZ xgxdit pwËk jwKwZ xdYêËtk Rdø BolwËi AwxaêK gQk oiw® pItwk AwËM iRÖb iwl iÔløwtËdk xhx£ËZ jwKwZ xpowg Kkw pt| lwËhk DË¥Ëmø kxqZ iRÖb iwl oóeËKê Rwxgk xgd RwBb (kw:) gËlËQd : “Ìjxbd jwKwZ eÞËbt pt Ìo xbËdk gwRwk bk AdÖjwty GUw (ÌZwiwk iRÖb) iÔløwtd I MYdw Kk Ggv jwKwZ exkËmwc Kk ”| ovLøwMxkÅ xgËmnšMY G gøwewËk GKiZ ÌewnY KËkd| iwtiÖd xgd xipkwd (kw:) gËld : “jwKwZ eÞbwËdk oit pËl ÌZwiwk iwxlKwdwcyd dMb Aaê I iRÖËbk exkiwY xddêt Kk Ggv AZ:ek iRÖbËK dMb AËaê iÔløwtd Kk| AeËkk eÞxZ ÌZwiwk Ìbdw Ggv AeËkk eÞxZ ÌZwiwk ewIdwk exkiwY xdYêt Kk Ggv ÌiwU exkiwY ÌaËK G†Ëlw gwb bwI Ggv AgxmÄ AvËmk Dek jwKwZ eÞbwd Kk ”|


Bolwxi xgcwd AdÖjwty Aaê I oóex£k ÌmÝYyËhb


Bolwxi xgcwd AdÖowËk oóex£k xdËiíw£ß ÌmÝYyËhb Kkw pËtËQ :-

1. iÖbÝw : ¢ßt-xg¢ßËtk ÌqË¢ iÖbÝw xgxdiËtk iwcøi xpowËg gøgpÕZ pt|

    iÖbÝw bÖ’kKi pt :-

    Èwcyd iÖbÝw (Free Money) : Ìjid ÈYê I Ìk#eø|

    Awg¦ iÖbÝw (Bound Money) : okKwxk xdËbêËm eÞPxlZ gøwvK ÌdwU I                                                    cwZg iÖbÝw|

2. Adøwdø oóex£ : G†Ëlw xgËmn DË¥Ëmø gøgpwk Kkw pt|

    G†Ëlw bÖ’kKi :

    ËUKoB oóex£ (Durable assets) : xgxhdí Kwjê oóewbËdk Rdø     xþpxZmyl oóex£ ovMÞp Kkw pt | Ìjid jìèewxZ, KÚxn KwËR gøgpÕZ     Rìç| G†Ëlw AwcÖxdK exkhwnwt ‘þpwty oóex£’k oiwaêK|

    iRÖb iwl (Inventory) : G†Ëlw xg¢ßt I xgxdiËtk DË¥Ëmø ÑZky
    Kkw pt| gøgowxtK eÞËtwRËd xgxdiËtk DË¥Ëmø G†Ëlw DuewxbZ gw
    ¢ßyZ pËZ ewËk| AwcÖxdK exkhwnwt GËK “PlxZ oóex£” glw pt|

3. RygRìç : DU, MkØ, QwMl, Ìhrw I AdÖkÕe eÞwYy Gk AwIZwhÖ£ß|

     G†Ëlw xZd kKi :

     -bÖˆ Duewbd I gvm xgþæwËkk Rdø e ewld|

     -ËgwSw gpd, Pwnwgwb, exkgpd I Adøwdø exkmÝËik KwËRk Rdø e             ewld|

     -gøgowxtK DË¥Ëmø e ewld|

4. moø I fl :

    Rxi ÌaËK Duedí Gog bÝgøËK bÖ’hwËM xgh£ß Kkw jwt :

    -jwxìèK eÞx¢ßtwt ewxdËoËPk iwcøËi DuewxbZ|

    -gÚxÄ gw SYêwk ewxd ÌaËK xo£ß xKvgw iÔËlk owpwËjø hÔ-Mhê ÌaËK Ìdtw     ewxd §wkw DuewxbZ|

 
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